Women’s Health 101
Many people, especially women, tend to prioritise the health of those around them over theirs. However, one can more efficiently care for others when they prioritise their health. Therefore, women’s health is of utmost importance. Issues like polycystic ovaries can even have depression and anxiety as their underlying cause. Thus one should consider all spheres that affect health and tick all the boxes. Here are some tips that’ll help all women do this.
Stress Management – Stress is often overlooked, and people often consider a lot of stress normal. This is augmented by the “hustle” culture being popularised on social media. However, stress can cause a range of issues, from infertility to heart disease. Stress management starts with getting proper sleep. Techniques like meditation can also be used to manage stress.
Physical Activity – Do not limit physical activity to cardio. Cardio is just a part of a workout. Resistance and weight-lifting exercises are also required to complete the training. Once a comfortable schedule is decided upon, practice the regime at least 3 to 5 times a week. This can help in preventing a range of issues like osteoporosis and heart disease.
Nutrition – A diet having sufficient amounts of fruits, vegetables, fibre and protein is suggested. One can consult specialists to get a diet charted out according to their specific requirements. Some requirements can change from person to person. For example, if one is planning to get pregnant, increasing folic acid intake is recommended. This reduces the risk of congenital disabilities. The increased consumption of vitamin D and calcium is also recommended post-menopause.
There are various diseases that one should be cautious of. With modern technology and the help of doctors, the efficient screening of many such conditions is possible. Other than the screenings, having a regular checkup at least once a year is recommended. This can help with issues like polycystic ovaries that cannot be screened efficiently. Here is a guide to the problems to look out for during screening.
Cholesterol and Blood Pressure – These issues are often part of regular health checkups. They are recommended for all women above 20. The frequency of the test can be determined by consulting a physician. The family history of such diseases is considered in such scenarios.
Pelvic Exams – An annual pelvic exam is recommended. This can be done for all women from 21 to 65 years of age. A pap smear can also be done every three years. The family doctor or an OB-GYN often does these procedures.
Breast Exams – Breast examinations should be done annually from the age of 20. Mammograms should also be included in checkups after the age of 40. One can also do self-exams on the breasts. Getting trained by a physician is necessary to do this. Self-examinations can be done every month.
Osteoporosis – This issue is more common in women aged above 65. Its risk can be reduced by following proper nutrition plans and ample intake of calcium. Screenings often start around the age of 65.
Skin – One should always be attentive to the changes to their skin. This includes changes to existing moles or birthmarks and the appearance of new ones. While many such issues will be screened during the annual checkup, one can always approach the doctor if something unusual is found. Other risk factors and family history should also be considered.