INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT & HOW IT’S BENEFICIAL TO THE SOCIETY
There’s no explanation required for how significant water is for every individual and the Australian economy. Many industries rely on thousands of tonnes of water to keep their processes running, and it’s systems functional. However, the same amount of water is also dumped into the water bodies daily and is now a growing concern not only for the country but also for the world.
Proper water technology can be implemented to reduce the wastage of this precious resource and redirect or recycle used water for other non-essential purposes. The term “water technology” refers to the modern industrial processes of effective wastewater treatment and management. And Australia is no stranger to these modern waste treatment practices either.
The combined water treatment services in the country amount to a sizeable 7 billion dollars in market value, a significant amount considering the requirement for daily water intake for various manufactures and industries.
Water Treatment Processes: A Brief Idea On How They Work
- Wastewater treatment on a large scale involves the use of various steps having their applications. In a general sense, wastewater treatment should go through something like this:
- Removing Or Reducing Odor: Odor control is an important first step as this water will be later reused for other applications. The wastewater is collected in large tanks, and special chemicals are mixed to break down the harmful contaminants that produce the foul-smelling odour emanating from wastewater.
- Particle Screening: The next step is to ensure that no big particles pass through or collect during treatment. For this purpose, water is allowed to pass through a porous screen that separates the big particulates from the rest.
- Adding Coagulants: Coagulants are chemicals that stick to particles and clump together to form the sludge collectively. The sludge then settles at the tank’s surface, making it easier to remove it from the rest of the water.
- Filtration Processes: The treated water is allowed to pass through different filtration systems to ensure that only clean water is left out. The number of filtration systems can vary depending upon the application of the treated water.
- Disinfecting The Treated Water: Chemicals are used to destroy any harmful microorganisms present that may cause illness or spread contaminants.
Benefits Of Industrial Wastewater Treatment:
- The treatment process provides clean water that can be reused for other purposes like steam turbines for heat generation and cooling towers as a cooling agent in nuclear reactors. The need for clean water can be attributed to the fact that even wastewater can harm the environment if improperly disposed of. The treated water can also produce electricity and allow the economy to get a significant return on the money spent on water technology and industrial water treatment.
- Speaking of improper disposal, unclean water can act as breeding grounds for pests and insects. This can escalate in the form of widespread contamination or infestation.
- Ever wonder why millions of dollars should be spent on preventing environmental pollution when only a small part of it can be used to treat water? Governments can indirectly save a huge amount of money by treating wastewater and redirecting it for other useful ventures. It’s a complete win-win scenario. Besides, proper water treatment systems can also help many industries save money by reusing treated water for their manufacturing processes. The initial cost of installing such treatment plants can be covered in the long run with adequate and effective treatment measures and efficient recycling processes.